A To Z Medical Abbreviations List

 A to Z Medical Abbreviations – Common Use Medical Abbreviations (Medical student must know) 




First understand what is abbreviation ?
Abbreviation is short form of a perticular word or Pharse (Dr. = Doctor). In Medical field There are many Abbreviation Which are Listed below (A to z Medical Abbreviations)

Why People Can not read Prescription which are writed by Doctor in number or later.

So, this number or later is Medical Abbreviations

Medical Student, Doctor, nursing and other health care professional are commonly use this Medical Abbreviation


    A – Medical Abbreviations


    AAA : Abdominal aortic aneurysm


    Ab : Antibody

    ABG : Arterial blood gas

    ABPA : Allergic bronchopulmonary asper-
    gillosis

    ACBT : Active cycle of breathing technique

    ACE : Angiotensin-converting-enzyme

    ACT : Activated clotting time

    ACTH : Adrenocorticotropic hormone

    AD : Autogenic drainage

    ADH : Anti-diuretic hormone

    ADL : Activities of daily living

    A-aDO2 : Alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient

    ADR : Adverse drug reaction

    AE : Air entry

    AEA : Above elbow amputation

    AF : Atrial fibrillation or a febrile

    AFB : Acid fast bacilli

    AFO : Ankle foot orthosis

    Ag : Antigen

    AGN : Acute glomerulonephritis

    AHRF : Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure

    Ai : Aortic insufficiency

    AIDS : Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

    AKA : Above knee amputation

    AL : Acute leukemia

    ALD : Alcoholic liver disease

    ALI : Acute lung injury

    AMBER : Advance multiple beam equalization radiography

    AML : Acute myeloid leukemia

    AP : Anteroposterior

    APACHE : Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation

    A-aPO2 : Alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient

    ARDS : Acute respiratory distress syndrome

    ARF : Acute renal failure

    AROM : Active range of movement

    AS : Ankylosing spondylitis

    ASD : Atrial septal defect

    ATN : Acute tubular necrosis

    ATPS : Ambient temperature and pressure saturated

    AVAS : Absolute visual analog scale

    AVF : Arteriovenous fistula

    AVR : Aortic valve replacement

    AVSD : Atrioventricular septal defect

    AXR : Abdominal X-ray

    B – Medical Abbreviations


    B/slab : Back slab

    BCG : Bacille Calmette-Guerin

    BDI : Baseline and transition dyspnea index

    BE : Bacterial endocarditis/barium enema/base excess

    BEA : Below elbow amputation

    BiPAP : Bilevel positive airway pre

    BKA : Below knee amputation

    BM : Blood glucose monitoring

    BMi : Body mass index

    BO : Bowels open

    BP : Blood pressure

    BPD : Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    BPF : Bronchopleural fistula

    Bpm : Beats per minute

    BS : Bowel sound/breath sound

    BSA : Body surface area

    BSO : Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

    BVHF : Bi-ventricular heart failure

    C – Medical Abbreviations


    C/O : Complains of

    C/W : Consistent with

    Ca : Carcinoma

    CABG : Coronary artery-bypass graft

    CAD : Coronary artery disease

    CAH : Chronic active hepatitis

    CAL : Chronic airflow limitation

    CAO : Chronic airways obstruction

    CAPD : Continuous arterial venous hemofiltration

    CBC : Complete blood cell count

    CBD : Common bile duct

    CBF : Cerebral blood flow

    CCF : Congestive cardiac failure

    CCU : Coronary care unit

    CDH : Congenital dislocation of hip

    CF : Cystic fibrosis

    CFA : Cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis

    CFMS : Cerebral function monitors

    CHD : Coronary heart disease

    CHF : Chronic heart failure

    Ci : Chest infection

    CK : Creating kinase

    CL :  Lung compliance

    CLD : Chronic lung disease

    CML : Chronic myeloid leukemia

    CMV : Controlled mandatory ventilation/cytomegalovirus

    CNS : Central nervous system

    CO : Carbon monoxide

    CO : Cardiac output

    CO2 : Carbon dioxide

    COAD : Chronic obstructive airways disease

    CoP : Completion of plaster

    COPD : Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    CP : Cerebral palsy

    CPAP : Continuous positive airway pressure

    CPM : Continuous passive movement

    CPN : Community psychiatric nurse

    CPP : Cerebral perfusion pressure

    CPR : Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

    CRF : Chronic renal failure

    CRP : C-reactive protein

    CRP : Conditioning rehabilitation program

    CRQ : Chronic respiratory disease questionnaire

    C-section : Cesarean section

    CSF : Cerebrospinal fluid

    CT : Computed tomography

    CVA : Cerebrovascular accident

    CVI : Cerebrovascular incident

    CVP :  Central venous pressure

    CVS : Cardiovascular system

    CVVHF : Continuous veno-venous hemofiltration

    CXR : Chest X-rays

    D – Medical Abbreviations


    D and C : Dilation and curettage

    D/C : Discharge

    D/W : Discussed with

    DBE : Deep breathing exercises

    DDD : Degenerative disc disease

    DDH : Developmental dysplasia of the hips

    DH : Drug history

    DHS : Dynamic hip screw

    DIB : Difficulty in breathing

    DIC : Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy

    DIOS : Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome

    DISH : Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis

    Dl : Deciliter

    DLCO : Diffusing capacity for carbonmonoxide

    DM : Diabetes mellitus

    DMARD : Disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug

    DMD : Duchenne muscular dystrophy

    DN : District nurse

    DNA : Deoxyribonucleic acid/did not attend

    DOA : Dead on arrival/date of admission

    DSA : Digital subtraction angiography

    DTs : Delirium tremens

    DU : Duodenal ulcer

    DVT : Deep vein thrombosis

    DXT : Deep X-ray therapy

    – Medical Abbreviations


    EBV : Epstein-barr virus

    ECCO2R : Extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal

    ECG : Electrocardiogram

    ECMO : Extracorporeal 
    membrane oxygenation

    EECP : Enhanced external counter pulsation

    EEG : Electroencephalogram

    EIA : Exercise induced asthma

    ETT : Exercise tolerance test

    EMG : Electromyography

    ENT : Ear, nose and throat

    EOR : End of range

    Ep : Epilepsy

    EPAP : Expiratory positive airway pressure

    EPP : Equal pressure points

    ERCP : Endoscopic retrograde, cholangio pancreatography

    ERV : Expiratory reserve volume

    ESR : Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

    ESRF : End stage renal failure

    ETCO2 : End-tidal carbon dioxide

    ETT : Endotracheal tube

    EUA : Examination under anesthetic

    – Medical Abbreviations


    FB : Foreign body

    FBC : Full blood count

    FDP : Fibrin degradation product

    FET : Forced expiration product

    FEV1 : Forced expiratory volume in 1 second

    FFD : Fixed flexion deformity

    FG : French gauge

    FGF : Fibroblast growth factor

    FH : Family history

    FHF : Fulminating hepatic failure

    FiO2 : Fractional inspired oxygen concentration

    FRC : Functional residual capacity

    FROM : Full range of movement
    Ft Feet

    FVC : Forced vital capacity

    FWB : Full weight bearing

    – Medical Abbreviations


    G : Gram

    GA : General anesthetic

    Gaw : Airway conductance

    GBS : Guillain-Barré syndrome

    GCS : Glasgow coma scale

    GH : General health

    GI : Gastrointestinal

    GIT : Gastrointestinal tract

    GOR : Gastroesophageal reflux

    GPB : Glossopharyngeal breathing

    GTN : Glycerol trinitrate

    GU : Gastric ulcer/genitourinary

    – Medical Abbreviations


    H+ : Hydrogen ion

    H2 : Hydrogen

    HASO : Hip abduction spinal orthosis

    Hb : Hemoglobin

    HC : Head circumference

    Hct : Hematocrit

    HD : Hemodialysis

    HDU : High dependency unit

    HF : Heart failure

    HFCWO : High frequency chest wall oscillation

    HFJV : High frequency jet ventilation

    HFO : High frequency oscillation

    HFOV : High frequency oscillatory ventilation

    HFPPV : High frequency positive pressure ventilation

    HFV : High frequency ventilation

    HH : Hiatus hernia/home help
    HI : Head injury

    HIV : Human immunodeficiency virus

    HLA : Human leukocyte antigenHLT Heart-lung transplantation

    HME : Heat and moisture exchanger

    HPC : History of presenting condition

    HPOA : Hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy

    HR : Heart rate

    HRR : Heart rates reserve

    HT : Hypertension

    Hz : Hertz

    – Medical Abbreviations


    IABP : Intra-aortic balloon pump

    IBS : Irritable bowel syndrome

    IC : Inspiratory capacity

    ICC : Intercostal catheter

    ICD : Intercostal drain

    ICP : Intracranial pressure

    ICU : Intensive care unit

    IDC : Indwelling catheter

    IDDM : Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

    IF : Interferential therapy

    Ig : Immunoglobulin

    IHD : Ischemic heart disease

    ILD : Interstitial lung disease

    IM : Intramedullary

    IM/im : Intramuscular

    IMA : Internal mammary artery

    IMV : Intermittent mandatory ventilation

    INH : Inhalation

    INR : International normalized ratio

    IPAP : Inspiratory positive airway pressure

    IPPB : Intermittent positive pressure breathing

    IPPV : Intermittent positive pressure ventilation

    IPS : Inspiratory pressure support

    IRQ : Inner range quadriceps

    IRV : Inspiratory reverse volume

    IS : Incentive spirometry

    ITU : Intensive therapy unit

    IV/i.v. : Intravenous

    IVB : Intervertebral block

    IVC : Inferior vena cava

    IVH : Intraventricular hemorrhage

    IVI : Intravenous infusion

    IVOX : Intravenacaval oxygenation

    IVUS : Intravenacaval ultrasound

    – Medical Abbreviations


    J : Joule

    JVP : Jugular venous pressure

    – Medical Abbreviations


    KAFO : Knee ankle foot orthosis

    KCO Transfer coefficient

    KO : Knee orthosis

    KPa : Kilopascal

    – Medical Abbreviations


    LA : Local anesthetic

    LAP : Left atrial pressure

    LBBB : Left bundle branch block

    LBP : Low back pain

    LCL : Lateral collateral ligament

    LDL : Low density lipoprotein

    LED : Light emitting diode

    LFA : Low friction arthroplasty

    LFT : Liver function test/lung function test

    LFT × 2 : Lung or liver function test

    LL : Lower limb/lower lobe

    LOC : Level of consciousness

    LP : Lumbar puncture

    LRTD : Lower respiratory tract disease

    LSCS :Lower segment cesarean section

    LTOT : Long-term oxygen therapy

    LVAD : Left ventricular assist device

    LVEF : Left ventricular ejection fraction

    LVF : Left ventricular failure

    LVRS :Lung volume reduction surgery

    – Medical Abbreviations


    M : Meter

    MAOI : Monoamine oxidase inhibitor

    MAP : Mean airway pressure/mean arterial pressure

    MAS : Minimal access surgery

    MC and S : Microbiology, culture and sensitivity

    MCH : Mean corpuscular hemoglobin

    MCL : Medical collateral ligament

    MCV : Mean corpuscular volume

    MDI : Multidisciplinary team

    MDI : Metered dose inhaler

    ME : Metabolic equivalents/myalgicencephalomyelitis

    MEFV : Maximum expiratory flow volume

    METs : Metabolic equivalents

    MHz : Megahertz

    MI : Myocardial infraction

    MIFV : Maximum inspiratory flow volume

    ML : Middle lobe

    MM : Muscle

    MMAD : Mass median aerodynamic diameter

    mmHg : Millimeter of mercury

    MMV : Mandatory minute volume

    MND : Motor neuron disease

    MOW : Meals on wheels

    Mph : Miles per hour

    MRI : Magnetic resonance imaging

    MRSA : Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus
    aureus

    Ms : Millisecond

    MS : Mitral stenosis/multiple sclerosis

    MSU : Midstream urine

    MUA : Manipulation under anesthetic

    MV : Minute volume

    MVO2 : Myocardial oxygen consumption

    MVR : Mitral valve replacement

    MVV : Maximum voluntary ventilation

    MWM : Mobilization with movement

    – Medical Abbreviations


    N/S : Nursing staff

    NAD : Nothing abnormal detected

    NAG : Natural apophyseal glide

    NAI : Non-accidental injury

    NBI : No bony injury

    NBL : Non-directed bronchial lavage

    NBM : Nil by mouth

    NCPAP : Nasal continuous positive airwaypressure

    NEEP : Negative end expiratory pressure

    NEPV : Negative extra-thoracic pressure ventilation

    NFR : Note for resuscitation

    NG : Nasogastric

    NH : Nursing home

    NICU : Neonatal intensive care unit

    NIDDM : Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

    NIPPV : Non-invasive intermittent positive pressure ventilation

    NITU : Neonatal intensive care unit

    NIV : Non-invasive ventilation

    Nm : Nanometer

    Nmol : Nanomole

    NMR : Nuclear magnetic resonance

    NO : Nitric oxide

    NOF : Neck of femur

    NOH : Neck of humerus

    NP : Nasopharyngeal

    NPA : Nasopharyngeal airway

    NPV : Negative pressure ventilation

    NR : Nodal rhythm

    NREM : Non-rapid eye movement

    NSAID : Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug

    NSR : Normal sinus rhythm

    NWB : Non-weight bearing

    – Medical Abbreviations


    O/E : On examination

    O2 : Oxygen

    OA : Oral airway/osteoarthritis

    OB : Obliterative bronchiolitis

    Occ : Occasional

    OD : Over dose

    Oe : Objective examination

    OGD : Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy

    OHFO : Oral high-frequency oscillation

    Oi : Oxygen index

    °JACCOL : No jaundice, anemia, clubbing, cyanosis, edema

    °LKKS : No liver, kidney, kidney, spleen

    OLT : Orthotopic liver transplantation

    OPD : Outpatient department

    ORIF : Open reduction and internal fixation

    OT : Occupational therapist

    – Medical Abbreviations


    PR : Per rectum

    PA : Posteroanterior

    PA : Pernicious anemia/postero anterior/pulmonary artery

    PACO2 Partial pressure of carbon dioxide in alveolar gas

    PaCO2 : Partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood

    PADL : Personal activities of daily living

    PAIVM : Passive accessory intervertebral movement

    PAO2 : Partial pressure of oxygen in alveolar gas

    PaO2 : Partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood

    PAP : Pulmonary artery pressure

    PAWP : Pulmonary artery wedge pressure

    PBC : Primary biliary cirrhosis

    PC : Presenting condition/pressure control

    PCA : Patient-controlled analgesia

    PCD : Primary ciliary dyskinesia

    PCIRV : Pressure-controlled inverted ratio ventilation

    PCP : Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia

    PCPAP : Periodic continuous positive airway pressure

    PCV : Packed cell volume

    PCWP : Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure

    PD : Parkinson’s disease/peritoneal dialysis/postural drainage

    PDA : Patent ductus arteriosus

    PE : Pulmonary embolus

    PEEP : Positive end expiratory pressure

    PEF : Peak expiratory flow

    PEFR : Peak expiratory flow rate

    PEG : Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

    PeMax : Peak expiratory mouth pressure

    PEME : Pulsed electromagnetic energy

    PEP : Positive expiratory pressure

    PERLA : Pupils equal and reactive to light and accommodation

    PFC : Persistent fetal circulation

    PFO : Persistent foramen ovale

    PFY : Patellofemoral joint

    PHC : Pulmonary hypertension crisis

    PID : Pelvic inflammatory disease

    PIE : Pulmonary interstitial emphysema

    PIF : Peak inspiratory flow

    PIFR : Peak inspiratory flow rate
    Pimax Peak inspiratory mouth pressure

    PIP : Peak inspiratory pressure

    PMH : Previous medical history

    PMR : Percutaneous myocardial revascularization

    PN : Percussion note

    PND : Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

    POMR : Problem-oriented medical record
    POP : Plaster of Paris

    PPIVM : Passive physiological intervertebral movement

    PROM : Passive range of movement

    PS : Pressure support/pulmonary stenosis

    PTB : Pulmonary tuberculosis

    PTCA : Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

    PTFE : Polytetrafluoroethylene

    PTT : Partial thromboplastin time

    PU : Passed urine

    PVC : Polyvinyl chloride

    PVD : Peripheral vascular disease

    PVH : Periventricular hemorrhage

    PVL : Periventricular leukomalacia

    PVR : Pulmonary vascular resistance

    PWB : Partial weight-bearing

    Px Prescribing

    – Medical Abbreviations


    QOL : Quality of Life

    – Medical Abbreviations


    R/O : Removal of

    RA : Rheumatoid arthritis/room air

    RAP : Right atrial pressure

    Raw : Airway resistance

    RBBB : Right bundle-branch block

    RBC : Red blood cell

    RDS : Respiratory distress syndrome

    REM : Rapid eye movement

    RFT : Respiratory function test

    RH : Residential home

    RhF : Rheumatic home

    RIP : Rest in peace

    RMT : Respiratory muscle training

    ROM : Range of movement

    ROP : Retinopathy of prematurity

    RPE : Rating of perceived exertion

    RPP : Rate pressure product

    RR : Respiratory rate

    RS : Respiratory system

    RSV : Respiratory syncytial virus

    RTA : Road traffic accident

    RV : Residual volume

    RVF : Right ventricular failure

    – Medical Abbreviations


    SC : Subcuticular

    SA : Sinoatrial

    SAB : Subacromial bursa

    SAH : Subarachnoid hemorrhage

    SALT : Speech and language therapist

    SaO2 : Arterial oxygen saturation

    SB : Sinus bradycardia

    SBE : Subacute bacterial endocarditis

    SCI : Spinal cord injury

    SDH : Subdural hematoma

    SFL/SFR : Side flex left/right

    SGAW : Specific airway conductance

    SH : Social history

    SHO : Senior house officer

    SIJ : Sacroiliac joint

    SIMV : Synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation

    SL : Sublingual

    SLAP : Superior labrum, anterior and posterior

    SLE : Systemic lupus erythematosus

    SMA : Spinal muscular atrophy

    SN : Swedish nose

    SNAG : Sustained natural apophyseal glide

    SOA : Swelling of ankle

    SOB : Shortness of breath

    SOBAR : Short of breath at rest

    SOBOE : Short of breath on exertion

    SOOB : Sit out of bed

    SpO2 : Pulse oximetry arterial oxygen saturation

    SpR : Special registrar

    SPS : Single point stick

    SR : Sinus rhythms

    SRAW : Specific airway resistance

    SS : Social services

    ST : Sinus tachycardia

    SUF (c) : E Slipped upper femoral (capital) epiphysis

    SV : Self-ventilating

    SVC : Superior vena cava

    SVD : Spontaneous vaginal delivery

    SVG : Saphenous vein graft

    SVO2 : Mixed venous oxygen saturation

    SVR : Systemic vascular resistance

    SVT : Supraventricular tachycardia

    SW : Social worker

    SWT : Shuttle walk test

    – Medical Abbreviations


    T21 : Trisomy 21 (Down’s syndrome)

    TA : Tendon of Achilles


    TAA : Thoracic aortic aneurysm

    TAH : Total abdominal hysterectomy

    TAR : Total ankle replacement

    TATT : Tired all the time

    TAVR : Tissue atrial valve repair

    TB : tuberculosis

    TBI : Traumatic brain injury

    TCCO2 : Transcutaneous carbon dioxide

    TCO2 : Transcutaneous oxygen

    TED : Thromboembolic deterrent

    TEE : Thoracic expansion exercises

    TENS : Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

    TFA : Transfemoral arteriogram

    TFT : Thyroid function test

    TGA : Transposition of great arteries

    TGV : Thoracic gas volume

    THR : Total hip replacement

    TIA : Transient ischemic attack

    TKA : Through knee amputation


    TKR : Total knee replacement

    TLC : Total lung capacity

    TLCO : Carbon monoxide transfer factor

    TLCO : Transfer factor in lung of carbon
    monoxide

    TLSO : Thoracolumbar spinal orthosis

    TM : Tracheostomy mask

    TMR : Transmyocardial revascularization

    TMVR : Tissue mitral valve repair

    TOP : Termination of pregnancy

    TPN : Total parenteral nutrition

    TPR : Temperature, pulse and respiration

    TTO : To take out

    TURBT : Transurethral resection of bladder tumor

    TURP : Trans urethral resection of prostate

    TV : Tidal volume

    TWB : Touch weight-bearing

    Tx : Transplant

    – Medical Abbreviations


    U and E : Urea and electrolytes

    UAO : Upper airway obstruction

    UAS : Upper abdominal surgery

    UL : Upper limb/upper lobe

    mm : Micrometer

    URTI : Upper respiratory tract infection

    ms : Microsecond

    USS : Ultrasound scan

    UTI : Urinary tract infection

    – Medical Abbreviations


    V : Ventilation

    V/p : shunt Ventricular peritoneal shunt

    V/Q : Ventilation-perfusion ratio

    VA : Alveolar ventilation/alveolar volume

    VAD : Ventricular assist device

    VAS : Visual analog scale

    VATS : Video-assisted thoracoscopy surgery

    VBG : Venous blood gas

    VC : Vital capacity/volume control

    VE : Minute ventilation

    VE : Ventricular ectopics

    VEGF : Vascular endothelial growth factor

    VER : Visual evoked response

    VF : Ventricular fibrillation/vocal
    fremitus

    VR : Vocal response

    VRE : Vancomycin-resistance
    Enterococcus

    VSD : Ventricular septal defect

    VT : Ventricular tachycardia

    Vt : Tidal volume

    – Medical Abbreviations


    W : Watt

    W/R : Ward round

    WBC : White blood count

    WCC : White cell count

    WOB : Work of breathing

    – Medical Abbreviations


    ZEEP : Zero end expiratory pressure

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