Demonstrate normal anatomical position
The normal anatomical position is standing upright, with the head facing forward, arms at the side with the palms facing forward, and the feet pointing forward. This position is used as a reference point for describing the location of body parts and their movements. In this position, the body is facing forward, with the head and eyes forward and level, the arms at the side with the palms facing forward, and the feet pointing forward.
Various Anatomical Planes
There are several different anatomical planes that can be used to describe the body and its movements. Some of the most common include:
- Sagittal plane: Divides the body into right and left sections.
- Coronal (frontal) plane: Divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) sections.
- Transverse (axial) plane: Divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) sections.
- Oblique plane: Slanting or inclined plane which is not parallel or perpendicular to any of the main anatomical planes.
- Longitudinal plane: Divides the body into cranial (head) and caudal (tail) sections.
These planes are used to describe the location and movement of body parts, and are important for understanding the structure and function of the body.
Laterality refers to the right or left side of the body. The right side is referred to as the right laterality, and the left side is referred to as the left laterality.
Movement in the body is essential for everyday activity, including walking, running, jumping, and other actions that involve muscle contractions. The movement in our body is controlled by the muscles, bones and joints that work in coordination to perform various actions.