What is Human Anatomy

 WHAT IS HUMAN ANATOMY 

What is Human anatomy

What is human Anatomy | Human Anatomy Meaning

What is Human Anatomy
Human Anatomy


    Definition of human Anatomy :-

    Anatomy is a science or study of structure of human Body. It is a medical or biological field which are consered with structural identification and discription of body parts or wall body.


    Meaning of Human Anatomy :-

    Ana- = “up” & tome- = “cutting”


    Anatomy word derived from Greek word. Dissection is Latin word , which equivalent of Greek Anatomy.

    Anatomy and dissection are not same.

    Dissection is a technique & Anatomy is study of structure of human body.


    Father of human anatomy :-

    Father of modern human Anatomy is Andreas Vesalius


    Types of Anatomy :- 


    1) cadaveric Anatomy

    • A) Regional Anatomy
    • B) systemic anatomy 


    2) developmental anatomy (Embryology)


    3) Surface anatomy (topographic anatomy)


    4) microscopic anatomy (Histology)


    5) Living anatomy


    6. Radiographic and imaging anatomy


    7) Applied anatomy


    8) Comparative anatomy


    9) Physical anthropology


    10) Experimental anatomy

    1) Cadaveric Anatomy :-

    Cadaveric Anatomy is study of dead bodies


    • This study can done by two approach 


    A) Regional Anatomy :-

    Study of part of the human body

    Example :- upper limb, lower limb, Abdomen, head & neck and brain


    B) Systemic Anatomy :-

    Study of Systems of the human body

    Example :- 

    • skeletal system (Osteology)
    • Articular System (Arthrology/Syndesmology)
    • Muscular System (Myology)
    • Vascular system (Angiology) 
    • Nervous system (Neurology)
    • Respiratory system
    • Digestive system
    • Endocrine system (Splanchnology)


    2) Developmental anatomy (Embryology) :-

    developmental anatomy is the study of the prenatal developmental changes


    3) Surface anatomy (topographic anatomy) :-

    Surface anatomy is the study of deeper parts of the body in relation to the skin surface.


    4) Microscopic anatomy (Histology) :-

    microscopic anatomy is the study of structures with microscope. 


    5) Living Anatomy :-

    Living Anatomy Study by inspection, percussion, palpation, auscultation, endoscopy, radiography, electromyography


    6) Radiographic and imaging anatomy :-

    Radiographic and imaging anatomy is a study of the bones and deeper organs by radiography, by ultra-sound and computerised tomographic (CT) scans 


    7) Applied Anatomy (clinical anatomy) :-

    Applied anatomy is deals with application of the anatomical knowledge 


    8) Comparative Anatomy :-

    Comparative anatomy is the study of anatomy of the other animals to explain the changes in form, structure and function (morphology) of different parts of the human body.


    9) Physical Anthropology :-

    Physical anthropology is deals with external features and measurements of different races and groups of the people.

     

    10) Experimental Anatomy :-

    Experimental anatomy is the study of the factors which influence and determine the form, structure and function of different parts of the human body. 


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